|Der Blaue Reiter, 1903, Kandinsky|
Der Blaue Reiter (The Blue Rider) was the brainchild of Vasily Kandinsky, Franz Marc, and Paul Klee, though there were actually something on the order of nine artists involved at one time or another. Kandinsky was Russian, Marc was German, and Klee was Swiss. The name had a complex origin involving the millennium, Saint George, the Second Coming, and something about the color blue being that of male principle spirituality. There's more to it than that but it's not important. Like Die Brucke, Der Blaue Reiter was about Fauve, non-representational color. But unlike the Fauves and Die Brucke, Der Blaue Reiter was a much more diverse group linked more by Kandinsky's charismatic influence than by much similarity in style (other than Fauve color).
|Tower of Blue Horses,|
1913, Franz Marc
Kandinsky was a powerful expressionist whose work was a seminal influence for Abstract Expressionism, which he helped found in New York near the end of his life. His painting, Improvisation No. 30, done in 1913, is typical of the type of work influencing Abstractionists such as Gorky and De Kooning. Franz Marc's work in oils is characterized by heavily saturated color and simple, graceful, swirling curves as in his 1913 painting The Tower of Blue Horses, which is often seen as a sort of logo for the entire group.
|Hammemet with his Mosque,|
1914, Paul Klee